Each year, natural disasters threaten the strength and stability of communities worldwide. Yet responses to the challenges of recovery vary greatly and in ways that aren’t always explained by the magnitude of the catastrophe or the amount of aid provided by national governments or the international community. The difference between resilience and disrepair lies in the depth of community social capital, which determines the ability to withstand disaster and rebuild infrastructure. Aldrich examines post-disaster responses of four distinct communities— Tokyo following the 1923 earthquake, Kobe after the 1995 earthquake, Tamil Nadu after the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami, and New Orleans post-Katrina—and finds that those with robust social networks were better able to coordinate recovery. Communities with an abundance of social capital were also able to minimize the migration of people and resources out of the area.
|(POST-DISASTER RECOVERY * SOCIAL CAPITAL AND DISASTER * DISASTER RESILIENCE )