2010 World Population Data Sheet
Prepared by Michael Marien, Director, Global Foresight Books
August 2010
2010 World  Population Data Sheet. Carl Haub (PRB Demographer). Washington  DC: Population Reference Bureau, July 2010/one page/$4 (download free).

This is not a book. Or even a booklet. Rather, it is a single 34” x 22” wall chart, jam-packed on both sides with valuable data and analyses that are central to considering global futures. It is up-to-date, intelligently presented, authoritative, low-cost, and now available as a free download.



The numbers side presents population, health, and environment data and estimates for all regions and nations of the world in 19 categories, such as population projections to 2025 and 2050, population in 2050 as a multiple of 2010 (1.4 for the world), percent of population <15 and 65+, elderly support ratio in 2010 and 2050, percent of population with HIV/AIDS, percent of population with improved sanitation, and GNI per capita.


  • World Population Growth: now at 6.89 billion as of mid-2010, growing to 8.12 billion in 2025 (17.6% growth) and 9.49 billion in 2050 (37.6%growth). World population has expanded from 2 billion in 1930 to 4b in 1974 and 6b in 1999. It will pass 7b in 2011 and 8b in 2024. Not quite “the population bomb” envisioned in the early 1970s, but worrisome enough; a slow-motion bomb. Note the upward creep of the estimate for 2050, from 9.04b in 2000 to 9.26b in 2005, 9.35b in 2008, and 9.49b in 2010.
  • Growth in Selected Regions (2010, 2025, 2050): Africa from 1.0 billion in 2010 to 1.4b in 2025 and 2.1b in 2050; Latin America/Caribbean from 585 million to 668m and 729m; Northern America from 344m to 391m and 471m, Europe from 739m to 747m and 720m; Asia from 4.2 billion to 4.8b and 5.4b.
  • Growth in Selected Countries (2010, 2025, 2050): USA from 310 million in 2010 to 351m in 2025 and 423m in 2050; Canada from 34m to 40m and 48 m; Mexico from 111m to 123m and 129m; Japan declining from 127m to 119m and 95m; China from 1.3 billion to 1.7b and 1.6b; India from 1.2b to 1.4b and 1.7 b; Pakistan from 185m to 246m and 335m; Russia declining from 142m to 141m and 127m; Germany declining from 82m to 80m and 72m.
  • Percent Sub-Regional Growth, 2010-2050: Middle Africa 129%, Eastern Africa 117%, Western Africa 107%, Northern Europe 20%, Western and Southern Europe 0%, Eastern Europe -14%, Western Asia (Middle East) 61%, South Central Asia 49%.
  • Percent Growth of Selected Countries, 2010-2050: USA 36.5%, Canada 42%, Mexico 17%, Brazil 11%, France 11%, Germany -12%, Ukraine -23%, Russia -11%, Iraq 103%, Afghanistan 83.5%, Pakistan 82%, India 47%, China 7%, Japan -25%, South Korea -13.5%, Indonesia 31%, Australia 52%, Nigeria 106%, Uganda 170%, Egypt 71%.

The flip side of the wall chart has various notes and explanation of sources and definitions, as well as nine charts. The most interesting lists the Ten Most Populous Countries, 2010 and 2050. The list for 2010 is headed by China (1,338 million), followed by India (1,189m), US (310m), Indonesia (235m), Brazil (193m), Pakistan (185m), Bangladesh (164m), Nigeria (158m), Russia (142m), and Japan (127m). By 2050, India leads by far with 1,748m, followed by China (1,437m), US (423m), Pakistan (335m), Nigeria (326m), Indonesia (309m), Bangladesh (222m), Brazil (215m), Ethiopia (174m), and Dem.Rep. of Congo (166m). Quite a change over 40 years, both in size and the lineup.


The Data Sheet Companion

Also see World Population Highlights: Key Findings from PRB’s 2010 World Population Data Sheet (Population Bulletin, 65:2, July 2010/12p/$7), a booklet with five brief overview essays:
  1. World Population, noting that “continuously improving mortality and slower-than-expected declines in birth rates guarantee continued growth for decades,” and discussing the dramatic variation in the fall in total fertility rates among countries;
  2. Youth Dependency, showing how the number of working-age adults per dependent child will increase at different rates;
  3. Old-Age Dependency, on how the world’s population is growing older in every region; in developed countries, the 65+ group was 21% of the population in 2009; by 2050, the proportion is expected to increase to 33%, with the ratio of older nonworking people per worker almost doubling;
  4. Gender, Employment, and Dependency, arguing that women are essential for a larger working-age population to support dependent children and the elderly, but nearly half the global productive potential of women is still unutilized;
  5. Improved Sanitation, regarding vast regional differences in use of improved sanitation and reports that sanitation improvements are falling short of the Millennium Development Goal target of halving the percentage of world population without access to basic sanitation from 46% in 1990 to 23% in 2015. Progress toward this goal is undermined by continued population growth and urbanization, where many people are exposed to pathogens.
Email Newsletter icon, E-mail Newsletter icon, Email List icon, E-mail List icon Sign up for our Email Newsletter
For Email Marketing you can trust